Architectural philosophy

Architectural philosophy

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Architecture or architecture in the sense of the arts is like all other arts, such as painting, plastic art and others. All these arts have constants and have variables, including philosophy in architecture. Architectural philosophy depends on feeling, culture, thought, influential environment, revelation and creativity. It is an architectural personal message placed in the building. To reach the scenes that carry many meanings within them and reflect the personality of different civilizations and cultures.

If we look at the architecture in the world, we will see it changing with its location change, Italy differs from Turkey and France differs from India and Spain differs from the countries of the Middle East and so the change changes in the nature of the philosophy of architecture existing in that region, and through this philosophy present in the buildings existing to this day of civilizations As ancient as the Greek civilization, we were able to know their lifestyle, culture, way of life and the techniques they used to build in their time. The architectural philosophy reflects the culture of a civilization and reflects their culture and way of life, and sometimes the architectural philosophy reflects the personality of the architect himself. Each architect has his own philosophy of building and this creates a great diversity of architecture all over the world.

Any building begins to form through the idea, the architect influenced by a certain philosophy is the one who originates this idea, and this idea is based on several things, including philosophy, which constitutes a large proportion of these things. Architectural philosophy is a link between the idea, the building, the architect and the environment, as it gives the architect the ability to The sense of the architectural void and the sensing of all the spaces inside it to be able to exploit the spaces in the best way possible, this harmony between philosophy and the building is what constitutes architectural creativity in buildings around the world.

Architectural styles have been influenced by philosophy over time, and this has formed a variety of architectural schools, some of which focus on structure, some focus on function, and some focus on appearance, but what has philosophy been affected by !? Architectural philosophy was affected by the surrounding environment, ancient wars and building techniques for each period of time. One of the most influential effects on architecture is the challenge between civilizations and between East and West. The state was expressing its strength through its architecture and this was evident in Persian architecture where you see huge buildings with thick and high walls that It was a form of defensive architecture, and we see the Renaissance architecture that focused on humanity, as it left the principles of architecture in the eras before it, which focused on the enormity and high height of the building and became focused on the human being, so it set architectural and engineering standards that fit the human scale and the nature of his life, so all these topics influenced On architectural philosophy with different influences, which resulted in a great diversity and rich in architecture around the world.

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 He saw Vitruvius, an architect, civil engineer, and Latin writer who was in charge of war machines during the reign of Julius Caesar and Caesar Augustus, who wrote the rules of Latin architecture in 10 books called "De Arctitura". The architects followed them until the end of the nineteenth century. The Acropolis plateau in Athens, facing the Parthenon, which consists of columns in the form of women, Vitruvius saw that they are female statues suffering under heavy loads, just as women who suffer suffering in his faith, this philosophy may have differed from the architectural philosophy of the Greeks when building this temple, so every architect His own philosophy in looking for buildings or when designing ideas for buildings. Louis Henry Solvan believes that the shape of the building should express its function and that the building materials must be part of the design style, while the architect Lloyd Wright believes in his philosophy of organic architecture, the building must be in harmony with the surrounding environment and reject the interior decorations affixed to the wall.

In the end, there is no fixed philosophy for architecture, as it is, as we said, a variable of architectural variables adapted to time, environment, culture and thought in it, and it develops with the passage of time and varies with different cultures and civilizations, but what matters to architectural philosophy is reaching a building that gives an impression and sends a message to the viewer about What the architectural designer wants to send to him. Here, innovation and philosophy meet to bring out the most beautiful buildings in the world.

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