The influence of weather factors on architectural design

 The influence of weather factors on architectural design

The influence of weather factors on architectural design

The nature of the human body is affected by the climatic conditions and weather factors surrounding him in the environment in which he lives, as he needs a house that protects it from the negatives of these various factors such as the intensity of the winds and the precipitation with great momentum and other negatives, as well as to take advantage of the positive aspects of malleable and climatic factors such as sunlight and perishability through The movement of winds, rainwater, etc., so the house or facility in which this person will live or the building in which he will practice various life activities such as places of the market, home, school and others must meet his human needs to ensure his survival, reproduction, and production on this land.

That is why people have been interested in the climate since ancient times, and they began to design different houses, each according to its environment and climatic conditions until the design stages developed and today it has a stand-alone science, which is architecture, whose departments study the weather factors affecting the architectural design of the dwelling or the facility. So how do weather and climate factors affect architectural design?

The effect of climatic factors on the architectural design is one of the strongest and most direct influences on the design, as the architect begins studying the weather factors at the site to be constructed on directly after determining the dimensions of the place because the weather factors are responsible for directing the construction, choosing building materials and choosing the necessary solutions for all problems. If any. To illustrate the impact of weather factors on architectural design, the following is required:

* When designing cities and selecting their sites, the following are taken into account when designing cities and selecting their sites, taking into account weather factors and selecting the best sites, and then the following:

- Taking into account weather conditions and choosing sites far from the occurrence of floods and plain places where rainwater collects.

- The dimensions of the areas with clay soil free of rocks because this is reflected in the choice of the type of foundations.

- Paying attention to the direction of the winds in order to direct the building according to the need for those winds, based on their speed, direction, and their difference between summer and winter.

- Taking into account the angle of the sun’s fall and its temperature in the construction area to benefit from it as much as possible and avoid its bad things.

Study the quantities of precipitation, its times, and the annual periods of precipitation in that area in which the building is to be designed, in order to benefit from it in its drainage towards trees and the green zone in the building area and to know the choice of building materials for the roof and its type.

These are the most prominent things that must be taken into account when studying the weather factors affecting the architectural design in the facility to be built, and more deeply, the weather factors affect the architect and force him to take solutions in the architectural design to achieve the best standards for the facility, for example if we assume that the building is located in an area Dry desert, such as the Gulf climate in the outskirts of the Middle East or the climate of the African continent, this requires that the architect take into account the high temperatures and also the dryness of the air in that region, he will have to direct the building to the place less exposed to sunlight and also make the windows in a longitudinal and small in width The windows are in order to enter the light without introducing a large amount of sunlight to avoid the high temperature of the facility and also to pay attention to the facade that is less exposed to the sun's rays and make it open towards the outside to enter the largest amount of light into the interior of the facility, as for the winds, the architect must study its direction, speed and nature of winds in the region To know if he needs a large amount of it and what are the ways to treat this dry wind, such as moistening it by making it pass over a small area of ​​cold water Urd or share a cool pass through it. All these matters must be taken care of by the architect to avoid failure of the facility design.

This was an overview of the impact of weather factors on architectural design, we hope that this article will be good for you, perhaps you want to read moreLearn 3D Max Professionally from top 10 YouTube Channels 

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