An overview of Islamic architecture

An overview of Islamic architecture

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Before starting Islamic architecture and its features and getting acquainted with its architectural style, we must know whether Islamic architecture is based on foundations and standards? Is Islamic architecture old or new? And where did the Islamic architecture start? Is it rigid or flexible?

      Islamic architecture appeared after the emergence of the religion of Islam that was brought by the Messenger of God, Muhammad Ibn Abdullah, and Islamic architecture has derived its foundations and principles from the religion of Islam, as the principles of the religion of Islam are the oneness of mechanism, equality, justice and other principles that we see their clear application in Islamic architecture, for example One of the principles of central Islamic architecture, as it indicates the center of the building from an architectural point of view. As for the origins, it indicates the oneness of God. Islamic architecture began when the Prophet Muhammad built the first building in Islam in his time, the Prophet's Mosque in Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah in Saudi Arabia, which is a place where people gather without mixing between men and women worship God and worship and study the Holy Qur’an and discuss matters of the state, that is, it is a space for worship In particular, and for the meeting in general, the mosque is the most expressive symbol of Islamic architecture, but Islamic architecture is not limited to the mosque, as it is vast and diverse.

An overview of Islamic architecture

      Islamic architecture began to appear effectively after the construction of the Dome of the Rock mosque over the noble rock, which is believed in the Islamic religion that the Prophet Muhammad had ascended to heaven on the journey of Isra and Mi'raj as it is called, the Dome of the Rock Mosque was built during the reign of the Umayyad Caliph Abdul Malik bin Marwan, the second founder of the Umayyad state. In Jerusalem in Palestine, where this building is distinguished by its bright colors, the golden dome, its shape is octagonal and its dimensions are amazingly coordinated, as it was intended to cover the rock so a dome was placed centrally on the rock and the octagonal shape was chosen because it is closest to the circle and was designed so that it has four entrances so as not There is a focus on one side without the other. Islamic decorations, mosaics, and all local materials have been used to reflect the environment in them, and this is one of the principles of Islamic architecture. So this building became the inspiration for every architect who adopts Islamic architecture in his design.

Islamic architecture is divided into several stages:

An overview of Islamic architecture1- From the beginning of the emergence of Islam to the Rashidun Caliphate
2- Architecture in the Umayyad Caliphate
3- Architecture in the Abbasid Caliphate   
4- Architecture in the Fatimid Caliphate
6- Architecture in the Ottoman Caliphate
7- Islamic architecture after 1900
9- Modern Islamic architecture
      Each of these stages is characterized by its own style, but all of them adhere to the same basic principles of Islamic architecture, and what distinguishes Islamic architecture from other architectural styles is its flexibility in adapting and adapting the building to the surrounding environment, where you will find an Islamic architecture in China whose buildings have conformed to the Chinese environment and customs And the traditions and the type of culture, while you will find an Islamic architecture in India that has adapted to the Indian culture and the Indian environment in the region and so on in various parts of the world, just by looking at the buildings of the Islamic architecture style, you will know that it is from the Islamic style in architecture and you will know which style follows through a simple look.

      Among the most prominent architectural elements that Islamic architecture adopted and became an essential part of its architectural elements are the dome, the arch, the iwan, the minaret, the courtyard, the mashrabiya, and the mihrab, the most important of which is the dome, which it adopted from Roman architecture, which was used to cover the largest possible area of ​​the architectural space, and this was in line with the demand of Islamic architecture Therefore, it adopted it and it became a major part of its architecture and one of its features.

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      Among the most prominent buildings of Islamic architecture: The Dome of the Rock Mosque in Palestine, East London Mosque in England, Rome Mosque in Italy, Taj Mahal in India, The Great Mosque of Damascus in Syria, Badshahi Mosque in Pakistan, Shah Mosque in Iran .

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