Le Corbusier, a Swiss-French architect

Le Corbusier, a Swiss-French architect

Le Corbusier, a Swiss-French architect

Charles-Edouard Jannier, the French-Swiss architect, or as Le Corbusier is known, is one of the most famous architects in the world. He was born in 1887 in Switzerland and dedicated himself to providing better living conditions for those who live in crowded cities. He is one of the pioneers of modern architecture and the most famous in the twentieth century. He has many achievements in the fields of art and architecture.

Le Corbusier was born in La Chaux-de-Fonds in Switzerland. He grew up in an artistic family. His father is a Swiss artist and his mother is a piano teacher and musician. His family influenced him in the field of arts. He excelled in making watches and engraving on them, but he did not want this type of art. Le Corbusier was influenced by his master, Charles Le Platonier, by the art of architecture. Le Corbusier is a name adopted by Charles Edouard, which goes back to one of his grandfathers, and who adopted it after moving to Paris in 1917.

Le Corbusier was trained by Auguste Perret in Paris and collaborated with him in the field of reinforced concrete. Le Corbusier distinguished himself from other architects as he devised new methods of construction and put in effect the five points in architecture, namely:

1- Using a structural system based on reinforced concrete to create a large area by using circular columns to raise the building above the ground level to utilize the space that is available under that building.
2- Providing a free site using the same construction system.
3- Free interface.
4- Long horizontal windows.
5- The roof garden provided by horizontal flat roofs using reinforced concrete.

Among the most important innovations of the architect, Le Corbusier was the development of a system of anthropometrics called "Modulor", which is a numerical sequence based on the golden ratio used to determine the proportions of sculptures and artistic designs.

read more: Architectural philosophy

The most important works of the architect Le Corbusier:

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Villa Savoy: The architect Le Corbusier designed the Savoy Villa between 1928 and 1931 in Boissy, a suburb of Paris, France. This building is an example of modern villa design, as Villa Savoy is considered one of the most important contributions to modern architecture by Le Corbusier in the twentieth century, and it is an example of the international style in architecture as well. In addition to the application of the Five Points in the architecture created by the architect Le Corbusier in Villa Savoy.

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Villa Schwab: designed by the architect Le Corbusier in 1916, this villa is one of the first villas in Europe that relies on its structural system on concrete and flat roofs, where the roofs were made of brick and hierarchically. Villa Schwab is located in La Chaux-de-Fonds in Switzerland and was the first experiment of Le Corbusier in using this construction system.

You might also like this: Originality and modernity in architecture

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