The architecture of the ancient Egyptian civilization

The architecture of the ancient Egyptian civilization

architecture

The land of Egypt is known as the incubator for the oldest civilizations on the face of the earth, which is the ancient civilization of Egypt, whose traces still remain until our time. At the beginning, it consisted of two major kingdoms extending over the Nile River, called the Upper and Lower Egypt, in the year 3200 BC the two kingdoms were gathered together The lower is under the rule of one king who takes charge of their affairs, King Narmer, and this step was the beginning of the ancient civilization of Egypt.

Architecture in Ancient Egypt: It is the engineering and construction processes that were used by the builders in the time of ancient Egypt, the ancient Egyptians excelled in building, construction, and design in a way that made historians and Egyptologists that the ancient Egyptians taught humanity how to build and design buildings, and the generations passed down these civilization foundations to man. In spite of their scarce capabilities and lack of technology in their time, the ancient Egyptians reached high levels in building construction engineering and architecture. With a few tools, many workers, and smart leadership minds, the ancient Egyptians were able to build an amazing civilization that has survived to our time. Until now, it is still difficult to imagine how the ancient Egyptians constructed these German structures with such precision, using primitive tools that are incomparable with the mechanisms, techniques, and programs used in our time.
The inhabitants of ancient Egypt believed in the return after death, as they believed that the person who died would go to his new life after death, so they would bury all his possessions with the dead. This belief is the most important thing that made ancient Egypt architecture amazing in this way, as the ancient Egyptians built tombs and funerary temples over the ages that followed in the time of the Pharaohs. The shape of these architectural buildings is the beginning of architecture and the science of building engineering, especially when trying to build the first pyramid in the ancient Egyptian civilization. The stepped pyramid of Djoser is the first pyramid built by the ancient Egyptians and the oldest stone building in the world. This pyramid is located in the Saqqara region in Egypt and was built to be a place for the king's burial at that time, and this pyramid is considered the first stage of development of tombs in the time of the Pharaohs, where the tombs were in the form of a mast high above Earth. The ancient Egyptians ’belief in immortality after death is what motivated them to build such giant tombs to bury all the king’s possessions with him to be used in his life after death as they believe.
architecture

Building materials used, builders in ancient Egypt used mud bricks, stone, limestone, sand, and granite in large quantities due to the lack of large quantities of wood, mud bricks were used in building royal palaces and forts, and the stone was used to build tombs and temples, while the clay was used, which was made by the builders of ancient Egypt. The way to collect mud from the Nile put it in molds, and leave it under the hot sun to dry and harden for use in building cities and homes.

The ancient civilization of Egypt is an example of power and science at the same time, and this is evident in the way their buildings were constructed and lived, as they built many large temples, which are still to this day and became a tourist destination for the world, and among these ancient Egyptian temples, the great temple of Abu Sonbol and the temple of a palace and many other temples show their potential in Mountain engraving and carving, high-rise construction, and repeating patterns of pyramids, columns, or other architectural elements. The ancient Egyptian civilization was marked by the construction of funerary temples and tombs. Among the most prominent works and architectural elements that they constructed are the columns with their parts such as the capital of the column and its base, as well as a statue with the body of a lion and a human head indicating strength and reason. This statue has the name of the Sphinx and other works.

This was an architectural glimpse of ancient Egyptian architecture, which is considered one of the most important civilizations in the ancient world, and it is now very famous, especially after the exploration and excavation operations that exist in Egypt, which are still searching for these important monuments. The visitor can go to Egypt to see the beauty of the ancient Egyptian pyramids and temples and see their remaining monuments preserved in Egyptian museums.

read more: An overview of the architecture of Mesopotamia

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