The struggle between function and architectural aesthetics

 The struggle between function and architectural aesthetics

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Architecture is based on several important things, including the balance between the constituent elements of the facility or the elements that transform the space into a mass, and these 4 elements are durability, function, aesthetics, and cost. Many architects suffer from the inability to balance these four main elements, but only the successful architect is the one who can connect them so that each element gives its true value.

In this topic, we will talk about the conflict between two of the four main elements that we mentioned earlier, namely function and architectural aesthetics, and what caused this architectural conflict between architects around the world over them, and when did this conflict begin!


The ancient civilizations were famous for their architectural style that is spread all over that civilization and where you find a certain civilization you will find it similar in all its places, for example, the Roman civilization you will find it in all countries of the world similar in Italy and in the Middle East all are similar in the architectural style where their style is based on Highlighting the hegemony of Roman civilization through the colossal and huge rise and also enjoy the same distribution in all their cities, such as the Roman amphitheater, which is an element present in all ancient Roman cities and until now these stands are still present and spread all over the world and the most famous of them is the Roman amphitheater Colosseum, the Roman civilization was able to interest With the four main elements of architectural design, it achieved the durability and purpose of the building, highlighting its beauty and grandeur. What we want to clarify in this paragraph of the topic is that the unification of the architectural style has a great role in focusing on these elements, which is what made the Roman civilization combine function and architectural aesthetics without any obstacles.


The main reason for the job struggle with the architectural aesthetic is the difference and dispersion of the architectural styles, and that was during the Renaissance, in which the architects differed, so a group of them became dependent on the function at the expense of the architectural aesthetics, while others were concerned with aesthetics at the expense of the function, and there are other groups that tended towards durability at the expense of function and architectural aesthetics. At the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century began the emergence of what is known as architectural schools, and these schools unified the dispersion between architects by uniting and grouping them under different schools of architectural interest in order not to leave the architects in design in a scattered and without a unified style, and this came after a period of architectural dispersion that It was in the early nineteenth century. Among these schools, there was the school of monstrous architecture, which is an architectural style that does not care about aesthetics but rather is concerned with function and is concerned with the use of building materials in their true nature. One of its pioneers was the architect Le Corbusier. Suitable for the person and meets his real needs and lack of concern for aesthetics to the extent that it overlooks the job. On the other hand, there were architectural schools calling for interest in the form and the aesthetics of architecture, the most famous of which was expressive architecture, which appeared after the First World War, of which the most famous architect, Eric Mendelson.


The conflict between function and architectural aesthetics still exists today, whether you prefer to focus on the job in your architectural design or concern for the architectural aesthetic. Remember that a successful architect must know all architectural styles and styles and not try all the different designs until he knows himself to which architectural schools his style belongs in The design is for him to choose. In the end, the architect must pay attention to the functionality and the architectural aesthetics, and to give each element its design value in the design in order for its design to be perfect.

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